Misc en Français

Misc en Français
French Name Description
Bain-marie The French name for a water bath, a technique by which delicate foods such as custards are baked at a gentle, controlled heat: the food is placed, in its container, into a larger pan into which boiling water is poured. Then the pan is either placed in the oven, or on top of the stove. Bains-marie are also used in restaurant kitchens to keep foods warm.
Béchamel A classic French white sauce made with milk, bound with a cooked flour and butter mixture called a roux, flavored with bay leaves, nutmeg and sometimes onion.
Béchamel A classic French white sauce made with milk, bound with a cooked flour and butter mixture called a roux, flavored with bay leaves, nutmeg and sometimes onion.
Beurre Blanc A sauce made by reducing white wine with vinegar and shallots, then whisking in cold butter so that the mixture emulsifies into a thick, buttery sauce. A beurre blanc is a classic mate to poached fish.
Beurre Manié A mixture of flour and softened butter, which, when whisked into sauces, acts as a thickener.
Beurre Noisette Butter that has been cooked until it turns a golden brown color, often used to sauce fish.
Bisque A shellfish soup, traditionally bound with rice.
Bouquet Garni Perhaps the most famous herb mix in French cooking, a bouquet garni is a combination of bay leaf, thyme, parsley and sometimes leek used to flavor stocks, stews, braises and soups. Traditionally, the herbs may be fresh or dried, and they are either tied up in a bundle with string (a leek leaf makes a convenient wrapper), or tied in cheesecloth.
Charcuterie Cured meats and patés.
Chaud Hot
Confit A technique originally of preserving, by which meat is cooked in its own fat, then stored covered in that fat. Duck confit is a traditional dish of southwestern France.
Court Bouillon A lightly flavored liquid used to cook fish and shellfish.
Deglaze (deglacer) ‘A technique by which a liquid, usually wine, is added to a pan that has been used to roast or sauté, in order to pick up the bits that have caramelized on the bottom of the pan. Deglazing is often the first step in making a pan sauce.
Demi-glace A stock that has been reduced until very concentrated.
En Croute Food that is wrapped in a dough, and then cooked (e.g. beef Wellington).
En Papillote Food that is cooked in a parchment (or sometimes aluminum foil) wrapping.
Entrée Entrée is the appetizer, not the main course. Remember that. Plat is the main course.
Farine Flour
Fines Herbes A classic mix of herbs — parsley, chives, tarragon and chervil — used in traditional French cuisine. (For example, an omelet "aux fines herbes" is an omelet that is flavored with that combination of chopped herbs.)
Flambé A technique by which alcohol is added to a dish and ignited, both for effect, and to burn off the alcohol.
Fond Means a stock, in French.
Fondue From the French "fondre", which means to melt. A dish of warm, melted cheese flavored with wine, into which bits of bread are dipped. Fondue can also refer to a meat dish, in which pieces of meat are cooked at the table in a pot of hot oil, or a dessert, in which pieces of fruit are dipped into warm, melted chocolate.
Ganache A rich chocolate mixture made by combining chocolate and cream, used as a filling or icing.
Gougère A type of choux pastry flavored with cheese, often served as an aperitif.
Gratiner The technique by which a dish is browned under the broiler (such dishes are often called "gratins").
Huile Oil
Julienne A knife technique by which food is cut into slender, matchstick pieces.
Miel Honey
Mirepoix The name for a mix of vegetables, usually carrot, onion and celery, roughly chopped, and used as a foundation for stocks, stews, soups, roasts, braises and sauce.
Mousse A general word for any number of frothy, airy dishes, both sweet and savory, usually lightened with whipped egg whites or cream.
Paté A dish of finely or coarsely minced fish or meat, seasoned, and baked with or without a crust, in a mold.
Petit Déjeûner Le petit déjeûner (breakfast) is traditionally a quick meal consisting of tartines (slices) of French bread with butter and honey or jam, sometimes brioche, along with café au lait/café crème, or black coffee, or tea,.
Pot au feu A rustic dish of meat and root vegetables, poached in broth. Traditionally the broth is served first, as a first course, and the meat and vegetables are served later as the entrée.
Roux A mixture of butter and flour, cooked together, and used as a thickener.
Sauté From the French verb "sauter", to jump, a technique by which food is cooked quickly in hot fat.
Soupe du Jour Soup of the day.
Traiteur Asiatique Asian caterer - These are everywhere in Paris. They sell Asian food by the pound. Some are good, some not so good.
The info on this page comes from my experiences in France and also from here.